Read this Book: The Language of School Design

Read this Book: The Language of School Design | In this amazing work on learning space design, the authors identify 29 different design patterns for 21st century schools. Included are many pictures, graphics and examples of the 29 design patterns. Some of these patterns include: cave space, daylight, connection to community, and indoor-outdoor connection. This is a fantastic book to inspire changes in our learning spaces to make them more conducive to 21st century learning.

The Language of School Design

The Language of School Design: Design Patterns for 21st Century Schools, is a fantastic, well-designed book that takes a broad look at what makes a 21st Century School a modern learning space.  They break these ideas down into 29 well-researched Design Patterns.  Included with each of the patterns are examples from actual schools, photos, graphics and more.  While a lot of these ideas are large scale and not necessarily something that individual teachers and librarians can implement, they provide a great deal of inspiration and goals to more towards.  Many of these ideas, such as student display space, cave spaces, soft seating, connection to the community, etc, can easily and affordably be implemented by individuals.  Here’s some of my takeaways and favorite parts of this book:

Just one of the exciting images of school learning spaces transformed.

Just one of the exciting images of school learning spaces transformed.

My favorites from the 29 Design Patterns

Schools should be places in which children and young people are granted opportunities to do/make/be/create or explore that are not available anywhere else in their lives. ~ Jim Bacon, former Premier of Tasmania

I’m not going to get into all of the 29 Design Patterns in this post.  Instead, I want to highlight a few of my favorites and look at how they apply in library and makerspace settings.  Some of the patterns I already see in my space.  A Welcoming Entry – as soon as students enter our library, they’re greeted with a jet engine.  Seriously.  It helps to set the tone of the space right away.  We also have a great deal of Student Display Space throughout our library and makerspace, where students can display their projects.  We took over part of the trophy case in the hallway outside the library for this as well.

I was familiar with the concept of Cave Spaces, Campfires and Watering Holes before reading this book.  I’ve been gradually rearranging and reconfiguring much of our library space to help create these types of learning spaces for my students.

Some of the patterns we don’t have yet in my space, such as natural daylight and homelike bathrooms.  I’ve been advocating for changes like this, but unfortunately, they don’t seem likely unless I can get the district to do some major renovations.

Diagram of a Learning Lab/Studio

Diagram of a Learning Lab/Studio

The Learning/Da Vinci Studio – An Ideal Library/Makerspace?

Our most valuable export as a country will be creativity and innovation and these skills are not developed in the cells-and-bells model of school.

This actually covers two separate design patterns in the book: Design Pattern 1: Principal Learning Areas, and Design Pattern 5: Science Labs, Art Studios, Life Skills Areas.  In Design Pattern 1, a section focuses on the Learning Studio, a super flexible classroom space, often in the shape of a L, that allows for the space to be constantly shifted and changed depending on the focus.  The space supports independent study, peer tutoring, team collaboration, lectures, project-based learning, etc.  As I read this section, it struck me that libraries are already doing this.  The concept of transforming a classroom into a similarly flexible space is powerful.

I was also struck by the science lab section, as a Da Vinci studio is pretty much my ideal for a makerspace.  It includes a science lab area, where chemistry and biology demonstrations can happen.  It also includes a fine-arts studio and project-based learning area, as all these disciplines tend to intertwine.  One of my favorite aspects of their ideal Da Vinci studio is access to an outdoor learning space, perfect for messy projects, tests of rubber band launchers, etc.  There’s also presentation equipment, a great deal of storage space, and room for up to 24 students and one or two teachers at a time.

Small Learning Communities

The concept of Small Learning Communities runs throughout the book.  The idea is to create smaller cohorts between 80 to 150 students.  The small number allows students to get to know one another and prevents feelings of isolation.  These students work in a sort of larger group area where there’s a great deal of self directed learning going on.  A teaching team works with the students, sometimes one-on-one, sometimes teaching lessons to a larger group.  The model is similar to the idea of a learning commons, except here, students spend the majority of their time in this space.  At first, it sounds like it would be a logistical nightmare, but as the authors go into details about how such a space is run, you realize that this is an amazing, revolutionary approach to education.  It really seems that such an approach would be AMAZING for students and would create so many more opportunities for students to discover and embrace their passions and express their voice.  Such an approach would take larger, systemic change, but it doesn’t seem impossible.

The Language of School DesignCheck out The Language of School Design

Many of the design patterns outlined in this book can be applied in some way no matter what your budget or current circumstances, and they offer ideas and inspiration for larger, school-wide transformations as well.  This book is definitely a must-have for anyone interested in learning space design theory.

Have you read The Language of School Design?  What was your favorite design pattern?


Diana Rendina, MLIS, is the media specialist at Tampa Preparatory School, an independent 6-12 in Tampa, FL. Previously, she was the media specialist at Stewart Middle Magnet School for seven years, where she founded their library makerspace. She is the creator of the blog RenovatedLearning.com & is also a monthly contributor to AASL Knowledge Quest. Diana is the winner of the 2016 ISTE Outstanding Young Educator Award, the 2015 ISTE Librarians Network Secondary Award, the 2015 AASL Frances Henne Award & the 2015 SLJ Build Something Bold Award. She is an international speaker on the Maker Movement and has presented at conferences including AASL, FETC & ISTE. Diana co-authored Challenge-Based Learning in the School Library Makerspace with Colleen and Aaron Graves and is also the author Reimagining Library Spaces: Transform Your Space on Any Budget.